Tuesday, April 12, 2005

The New American Slavery (e-mail)

ConstitutionRestorationProject@yahoogroups.com, constitutionrestorationproject2@yahoogroups.com, our-constitution@yahoogroups.com, Constitution_Party@yahoogroups.com, "SchlusselGroups" , unitedstates-constitution@yahoogroups.com

From: "Thomas Mick"
Date: Tue, 12 Apr 2005 08:54:25 -0700
Subject: [Constitution Restoration Project1] The New American Slavery

A most accurate picture of America today is below. Take the time to read it and send your thoughts to the author.

Thomas Mick - www.lessonsofthepast.com
Dundee, Oregon
Constitution Party Citizen

"When a nation's government becomes more fearful of its citizens' rights than protective of them, that nation's future is only despotism and extinction."Unknown

"Necessity is the plea for every infringement of human freedom: it is the argument of tyrants; it is the creed of slaves."William Pitt

From: Stoptheirs@aol.com [mailto:Stoptheirs@aol.com] Sent: Monday, April 11, 2005 6:14 PMTo: RRHeustisJr@yahoo.com; chellrenee@yahoo.com; vitalist21@yahoo.com; AI-Politics@yahoogroups.com; Constitutionalists@yahoogroups.com; ConstitutionPartyUnfettered@yahoogroups.com; tp101@yahoogroups.comSubject: [Constitutionalists] for Reed & FYI from Don G. - The New American Slavery

Reed : Can you put the following article under the State of the Nation, Truth About Economics, and Truth About The Matrix Pills?
Thanks, Don G.

The New American Slavery
By Jolly Roger From: CCW
April 2, 2005

The average American in the year 2005 lives a fragile existence, in a struggle for survival that can be ended by missing a few paychecks. The carrot at the end of the stick which was formerly known as "the American dream" has been replaced by a whip that can best be described as the American nightmare of homelessness, and slow, early death.

You no longer work to achieve a better life for yourselves and your children. You work to keep a roof over your head, and you pray that you don't lose it. You became a slave when fear replaced incentive as your motivation to work, but I still suggest that you work while you can, because if the company you work for can't send your job overseas, the U.S. government is allowing 2000 people per day to enter this country illegally, because they're willing to do your job for less. It doesn't matter if you're a "white collar" or "blue collar" employee. If you're an American, you're too highly paid.

There are billions of people who want your job, and your government is doing all they can to see that you lose it to them. You see, we're not really Americans anymore. Now we're just anonymous faces in the "global village," because our government has sold our nation to foreigners and international bankers, and the new bankruptcy law has doomed the American citizen to a life of debt slavery. They'll insist that illegal immigrants are only doing jobs that Americans refuse to do, and you'll probably believe it, because if you're watching the TV that shovels that crap, you probably still have your job. The illegal immigrants are doing jobs that Americans always did, and every unemployed American I talk to can't find a job anywhere. And just like the European immigrants that flooded this country before the economic depression of the 1930's, today's illegal immigrants also have no gripe with a government that has allowed them work for high wages in America, and send billions back to their homeland. Nor do they care very much about our constitution, bill of rights, or way of life. They're only here for what they can grab, and our government has welcomed them with open arms, because they're grabbing it from you.

You're already working much longer, and much harder, to achieve a much lower standard of living than the previous generation, and 25 percent of working Americans no longer even get a vacation. The Social Security retirement age has been raised to match the life expectancy of American males, so apparently, you're also expected to work until you're dead. When you do finally get a vacation, they only trip you'll be taking will be in a pine box, and that's only if you're one of the lucky ones. Most of us will only get the state-issued canvas bag that gets tossed into the pit with all the others. If you don't mind the fact that you'll be working until you're dead, you might also want to consider the fact that you'll get nothing for your labor, because this nation's economy is about to crash like a freight train, and when it does, everything you've worked for will vanish.

After the depression gets ugly, and your family has made the adjustment from three meals per day to three meals per week, the newspapers will blame your hunger on "the economy," as if it were some magical force that uncontrollably ruined a couple hundred million lives. Nothing could be further from the truth. Politicians and international bankers can manipulate national economies at will, much in the way the media manipulates your mind, and a decision has been made to impoverish Americans, because global government requires that everyone in the world have an equally low standard of living. Simply put, we're being robbed of all we've worked for, because our government wants us to be poor, hungry, and docile, dependant upon them for our existence, and in fear of them for our lives.

The government of the United States is intentionally destroying the economy of the United States, because the politicians and the international bankers they work for have decided that the American way of life, and catering to the demands of the American constitution, is simply too expensive. Regardless of how wealthy you think you are, you actually have no real money at all. The "federal reserve notes" that are in your wallet, and your bank account, aren't really money, but are actually only paper on a debt that can never be paid, not even by combining all the assets and labor of every American alive today. Any loan-shark with a third grade education will tell you "the paper's no good," and naturally, the foreign investors who allow us to float this debt, have come to the same conclusion.

What is commonly known as the "U.S. dollar," represents a debt that is owed by the U.S. federal government, to the federal reserve bank. The federal reserve bank happens to be the privately owned entity that lent the money that's represented by the paper in your wallet. The federal reserve act signed away everything you own, and the fruit of your labor as collateral on this debt, and as foreign investors are becoming increasingly unwilling to invest the $2 billion per day needed to cover the interest, our creditors will want to collect it. About 90 percent of all Americans are mortgaged to the hilt, and would have little or no assets left if all debts and liabilities were to be paid.* Most Americans have taken advantage of low interest rates, and are now paying a mortgage on their homes. The booming real estate market has made every purchase profitable, because the price of a home always rises. The problem is that the price of a home today is incredibly over-inflated, and the real estate boom that's been keeping the American economy afloat, is about to bust. Interest rates are going to rise, and the price of your home is going to drop drastically, which will leave you stuck paying for a house that probably wouldn't pay the interest on your debt if you sold it. If you're lucky enough to remain employed, inflation will shred your paycheck until you can no longer make mortgage payments. This is when you need to remember that when a nation's economy collapses, the wealth of the nation doesn't disappear, it only changes hands. Millions of Americans are about to be tossed into the street, and because we're a kinder and gentler America, from the street they'll be tossed into shelters. Once in the shelter, they'll be wards of the social service system, which will make sure they all have food, and a bed to sleep in. In exchange for that food and shelter, the "welfare reform" act will put them to work at jobs where they will collect no additional salary.

I guess the idea of "welfare reform" is a lot more acceptable to Americans than "forced labor" but regardless of what you call it, many Americans will soon experience slavery once again, and the slaves are not just sweeping public streets. Under the welfare reform act, many Americans are being put to work for private companies for no wages other than the cost of their food and shelter, both of which constitute the bare minimum requirements of survival. By causing the economy to collapse, and then "saving" the poor, our government can legally force millions of Americans into slavery. The new slavery will be blamed on "the economy," and it will employ a much larger percentage of the population than it did before the civil war. To understand how they're accomplishing this, we need to turn our thoughts back to our monetary system, because due to the fact that it is no longer based on the gold standard, our government is in control of the money supply, and that gives them the ability to cause rampant unemployment, which is exactly what they're doing. The framers of the U.S. constitution protected us from this brand of tyranny, but because Americans were foolish enough to ignore and/or trust their government, they will become slaves, but most of them will blame themselves for their plight.

Article 1, Section 10, of the U.S. constitution clearly states that "no state shall... make any thing but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts." The constitution's prohibition of "fiat money" (what's in your wallet) guarantees that the wealth of the nation remains in the hands of the people, which leaves the government incapable of stealing the population's wealth, as they're doing today. You can collect all the dollars that you like. Our government decides what they're worth, and by keeping the presses working overtime, they're insuring that the dollar will soon be worthless.

The U.S. department of labor has also changed the way it collects data regarding unemployment, which allows for the fraudulent unemployment figures that are printed in the newspapers, and allows working Americans to believe that things aren't really that bad. Their new "household survey" system avoids counting most of the poor by basing unemployment figures on telephone surveys. A real estimate, based on population and payroll taxes, reveals that about 25 percent of the American workforce is presently unemployed, and that will eventually force them into the social service slavery system. Unless your mortgage and debts are completely paid off, and you can still pay your property taxes, there's a good chance you'll soon be joining them. Welcome to the third world, and to an American world, where slavery is legal once again.

What are you going to do when your government forces you into slavery? You can't avoid it, because if you're homeless, you'll be rounded up and brought to a "shelter", where you'll be fed, and probably medicated if you're not happy to be there. With so many people becoming homeless, it will be easy for them to find an apartment for you, and social services will pay your rent, and give you food stamps. Soon after that they will find you a job, but naturally, you won't be taking home a paycheck because you're in debt to the social service system. They'll tell you that you're working your way back to independence, but since your salary will never be more than your expenses, you'll work for free until you're dead. If you refuse to work, the government "assistance" will be cut off, you'll be back out on the street, and you'll probably do your next job with a shackle around your ankle.

I'm not asking that you waste the time or paper required to write your congressman, because they don't care what you think anyway. What I am asking you to do is to remember something. When the economy does crash, and you're forced into the street. I want you to remember that this isn't your fault, and it's not the result of a "bad economy." Please remember that you're poor, hungry and homeless, because that's where our government wants you to be, and they intentionally destroyed the U.S. economy because they want you to suffer, and beg. And regardless of how bad things get, never sell your rifle. -- Jolly Roger

"Lenin is said to have declared that the best way to destroy the capitalist system was to debauch the currency. By a continuing process of inflation, governments can confiscate, secretly and unobserved, an important part of the wealth of their citizens..... Lenin was certainly right." - John Maynard Keynes*

*90 percent of all Americans are mortgaged to the hilt, and would have little or no assets left if all debts and liabilities were to be paid. --- Rep. Traficant to U.S. Congress. **John Maynard Keynes is the economist for whom our present monetary system is named. Unlike this nation's wealth, anything written by Jolly Roger is the property of the American people, and the author hereby grants permission to anyone who so desires to post, copy, forward or distribute this letter as they see fit, and in fact, the author encourages you to do so.
Posted by Hello

May God Bless Those At Sea Tonight. God's Speed & Following Seas !

May God Bless Those At Sea Tonight. God's Speed & Following Seas !
Many Container Vessel Mishaps Go Unreported Until Some Complaint By Cargo Interests.

Today's Maritime Losses Around The World
:-() Oh No!

What is Marburg hemorrhagic fever?

Marburg hemorrhagic fever is a rare, severe type of hemorrhagic fever which affects both humans and non-human primates. Caused by a genetically unique zoonotic (that is, animal-borne) RNA virus of the filovirus family...

Mound Builders of Ohio

Why and How the Mound Builders Departed from Ohio circa 1550
A String of Beads... The Mound Builders of the Ohio Valley ... you will learnwhere the mounds are located, the history of the Mound Builder Indians, ...http://library.thinkquest.org/CR0212160/ - 17k - similar pages
Why and How the Mound Builders Departed from Ohio circa 1550
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... Mound Builders, in North American archaeology, name given to those people ...concentrations of mounds are found in the Mississippi and Ohio valleys. ...http://www.factmonster.com/ce6/sci/A0834239.html - 18k - similar pages
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Sunday, April 10, 2005


The Wi-Fi-FreeSpot™ Directory is a listing of Wi-Fi enabled locations that offer Free Wireless High Speed Internet Access.

Whether you're a local resident or a business traveler or vacationer just passing by, The Wi-Fi-FreeSpot™ Directory will help you find all types of Free Wi-Fi locations. You'll find cafes, restaurants, coffeeshops, libraries, downtown business districts, malls, stores, laundramats, auto repair shops, RV parks, airports, Hotels, vacation rental properties, etc. that are open to guests, customers and/or the general public. Read the Interesting Faqs to learn more about Free Wi-Fi and using these Wi-Fi-FreeSpots.

Subject: Weekly Report: Senator Gary Nodler 31 Mar 05 16:08:55

"Gary Nodler" gary_nodler@senate.state.mo.us

Room 433 - State Capitol Bldg. - Jefferson City, MO 65101 - Phone:
(573) 751-2306

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE For additional information contact: Barbara Mustoe (573) 751-2306

Protecting Democracy’s Credibility

Expecting Continued Legislative Success for School Funding
and State Budget
Jefferson City - My fellow lawmakers and I returned this week from
a mid-session recess and because we have already accomplished a number of our main goals, we are eager to move on to other important pieces of legislation. One such measure of which I am a co-sponsor protects the integrity of legitimate voters. In this world of diverse governments with varying degrees of personal liberties granted to the countries’ citizens, it is a privilege to have the right to vote.
The U.S. Constitution bestows American citizens with the power of the voting ballot. Senate Bill 50, which will be taken up by the full
Senate, requires people to prove they are U.S. citizens before they can register to vote. Those who are in this country illegally should not be allowed cast votes that essentially undermine our safety and rectitude as a sovereign nation.
We cannot afford to allow terrorist sympathizers and undocumented
immigrants with anti-American views to use a ballot as a means to
further their cause. At least eight of the 19 hijackers involved in the tragedy of 9/11 were registered to vote in Virginia or Florida.
Throughout the past few years, other states such as Ohio have reported that potential political saboteurs were illegally living in the state and managed to finagle the system to register to vote.
We can only guess how many illegal immigrants have marked ballots here in Missouri. Not checking voters for legal citizenship degrades the credibility of our electoral system and also leads to future instances of benefit fraud in other facets of the social structure.
Because this bill falls in line with the governor’s objective to cut waste, fraud and abuse from the state government, this measure is expected to receive bipartisan support. My fellow lawmakers and I will do what we can to protect the democratic process that has enabled us to serve the great state of Missouri.
Rewriting the educational funding formula, planning a balanced
state budget and creating a public policy regarding embryonic stem-cell
research are the next substantial issues the Senate will be undertaking in the coming weeks.
A bill based on the Joint Committee on Education’s recommendations
for equitably distributing funding to Missouri public schools was voted
on in a meeting of the Senate Education Committee of which I am chairman.
By taking into account the overall base amount it costs for providing an
adequate education per pupil, each district’s property taxes and the
purchasing power of a dollar, SB 287 addresses the problems of our current public school funding method. This bill will now head to the Senate floor for debate by the full body.
The state legislature is required by the constitution to write the
state’s budget. Missouri has $19.2 billion to spend, but to continue
funding the state at the same level it is now, we would need an additional $1.3 billion.
There are only two ways to make up for that lack of money. One is to raise taxes; the other is to cut programs. People have declined a tax increase three times in recent years, so we are left with no other choice but to trim expenses in areas such as departmental administration and Medicaid.
Even after the proposed cuts go through, we are still spending more on Medicaid this year than we did last year.
Writing a balanced budget is a difficult and oftentimes contentious
process, but it needs to be done to reign in the state’s out-of-control budget.
We can only spend within our means, which forces us to make difficult
decisions. As is typical, the fiscal plan is currently being deliberated in
the House Budget Committee. Once the House drafts the legislative package detailing the appropriations, the Senate will similarly consider the bills.
The Senate will also soon be debating SB 160, which outlaws cloning
a person, as well as makes illegal a procedure known as somatic cell
nuclear transfer (SCNT). The issue is a controversial one, but I will do
everything I can to encourage a thorough deliberation on the implications of this bill so we can establish a public policy that is morally right.

Senator Gary Nodler represents the people of Newton, Jasper
and Dade counties in the Missouri Senate.
[This E-mail scanned for viruses by Declude Virus]

Tuesday, April 05, 2005

Internet2 Project

Internet2 Project official site of the project to develop advanced applications and networking capabilities to meet academia's research and education mission in the 21st century.

The InCommon(TM) Federation enables federated authentication and authorization so that higher education institutions and their partners can share information and resources in a highly secure environment while providing unparalleled privacy for individual users.

Monday, April 04, 2005

The Secret Budget

The Secret Budget

How many of America's tax dollars go into the U.S. intelligence budget? "No one knows exactly what the figure is because the intelligence agencies have successfully argued that nobody, including Congress, should know how much they get, for fear that the mere size of the budget would provide useful information to America's enemies," Dave Lindorff writes for the political newsletter CounterPunch. In spite of that secrecy, the Intelligence Resource Program has estimated that in 2004 there was spending in excess of over $40 billion on intelligence, which represents $150 per year from every man, woman and child in America. Read more here.
Catherine Austin Fitts of the Solari investment group, has used her expertise in business and finance to track how some govt. agencies have siphoned trillions of dollars into black budgets.
The Disclosure Project is a nonprofit research project working to fully disclose the facts about UFOs, extraterrestrial intelligence, and classified advanced energy and propulsion systems. We have over 400 government, military, and intelligence community witnesses testifying to their direct, personal, first hand experience with UFOs, ETs, ET technology, and the cover-up that keeps this information secret.
This is the Smoking Gun! Learn more »

Wanted for the Disclosure Project: An experienced event organizer/promoter/publicist who is willing to work on commission organizing DP events and speaking engagements for Dr. Steven Greer. Please send an email to ekramer@disclosureproject.org.
(Updated February 28, 2005)

National Kite Flying Month April 1st - 30th

One legend suggests that when a Chinese farmer tied a string to his hat to keep it from blowing away in a strong wind, the first kite was born.

All it takes is a buck and a few coins for tax at the everythings a dollar store you get 2 kites in one package. Even at the age of 50 I still have fun flying a kite even durning the night when the wind speed is about 20 miles per hour. I don't intend breaking any records with these 2 kites that are 26" high x 25" wide with 120 foot long cords it's just the sport of haveing fun.

When I was in the Navy we made one with tin foil, sticks, and glue but we were told to bring it down because it was messing up the ship's radar when it was around 5 miles away I don't remember how high it was.

I do have a hardbound book the title of it is "Kites" it's around here otherwise I would tell you what the author's name is.

Well another day is over and by the way go fly a kite you might learn something but don't fly it in a thunderstorm :-()

120 N. Cedar St. Ottawa Kansas

I will try to be kind but IF I should become POTUS Ottawa Kansas better NOT try to claim me as a native son! Yes I know that I was born and raised in Franklin county for only 9 years that's less than 1/5th of my life.

There is some old friends I would like to know about like Bonnie, Dale, Jammie (James), and anyone else that I don't remember their name that went to a one room school house that was closed then moved to Greenwood School because Della White got fired (mom was a member of the school board).

Times back then were simple like the red light going to the chicken house at night or getting a loose tooth (mine) knocked out while running around the corner of the school just to run into Dale while he was rideing his bike. We both ended up on the ground. WOW it's late it's almost 3:37 am CDT that was not around back in those days CDT SUCKS and that law needs to be changed.

I'll close for now to get some sleep then come back later when I have the time. Night All

Know Gangs

Not much I can tell you about this web site because I have not seen it yet.

Yes yes I know shame on me.

How I found this info I check out STUDIO C
it is "The Unofficial & Completely Unauthorized Blog of Jeff Thomas, producer for The Derry Brownfield Show."

Sunday, April 03, 2005


Americans doing the jobs Congress won't do.
Operating within the law to support enforcement of the law.
MMP is a citizens' neighborhood watch along our borderThe Minuteman Project has no affiliation with, nor will we accept any assistance by or interference from separatists, racists or supremacy groups or individuals, no matter what their race, color, or creed.

Scalar Wars The Brave New World of Scalar Electromagnetics

This article will take a while to load up at 28k but well worth the time to read it and think about it then do something.

Rev. Smith
The Brave New World of Scalar Electromagnetics
by Bill Morgan
For the past six months I have been undergoing the greatest paradigm shift I have ever had to go through. It has rattled my nerves and shaken my bones. This intense adjustment of my "world"has come about by studying the information given by Col. Tom Bearden at his website Cheniere. The new knowledge there has necessitated a total revision of my ideas about physical reality, the world we live in, and the future of humanity. ...

Saturday, April 02, 2005

A PC-Based LowFER Frequency Synthesizer by Lyle Koehler, KØLR

Note: A new version of PCTX.EXE was created on 11/27/00. This version contains a fix that allows QRSS or very slow CW operation. The old PCTX file will probably hang up if the CW speed is set to less than 1 WPM when running on a fast computer.

A PC-Based LowFER Frequency Synthesizer by Lyle Koehler, KØLR

Author's note: This article was started a couple of years ago but never published because it involved minor surgery on a computer, and seemed like a cumbersome way of generating a LowFER signal.

Note: A new version of PCTX.EXE was created on 11/27/00. This version contains a fix that allows QRSS or very slow CW operation. The old PCTX file will probably hang up if the CW speed is set to less than 1 WPM when running on a fast computer.

Species Index

All photos are by Molly Fogleman, except the Pennisetum seeds, which were contributed by Rebecca Nelson.

Why study the Grass Family? The grass family, Poaceae or Gramineae, has five subfamilies with approximately 10,000 species (1). ...etc as to renewable energy, habitat, development of ecologically disturbed areas (prevention of soil erosion, extraction of salt and bioremediation...

Hemp oil is a terrific source of omega-3 fatty acids Note: Food & Energy hemp...

Sorghum and pearl millet recipes

Sorghum and pearl millet recipes
Sorghum and Pearl Millet Recipes Composite Flour Recipes Baked bread (20% sorghum/pearl millet flour: 80% wheat flour) Ingredients : 136g sorghum/pearl millet flour 544g wheat flour 24g yeast 14g white sugar ...

Sorghum and Pearl Millet Recipes
Composite Flour Recipes
Baked bread (20% sorghum/pearl millet flour: 80% wheat flour)Ingredients:136g sorghum/pearl millet flour544g wheat flour24g yeast14g white sugar60ml water for yeast mixture340ml water for dough mixture13g salt12g margarine
Mix yeast, sugar, and 60ml water, leave mixture in a warm place for 10 minutes.
Add sorghum/pearl millet flour, wheat flour (i.e., a 20:80 flour composite), salt, and margarine and mix. Add remaining water and pour the mixture into a dough mixer.
Mix well to a soft sticky dough.
Remove dough from bowl and knead on a lightly floured board for about 1 minute.
Roll the dough into a ball, place it in a greased bowl, cover with a damp cloth, and leave in a warm place to proof for about 1¼ hours, or until it has doubled in size.
Remove from bowl and knead for 1 minute. Return to the bowl and cover to proof for a further 30 minutes.
Remove from bowl and divide the dough into two equal parts.
Knead the two parts well, separately, to remove any trapped air.
Place into greased baking half-loaf tins.
Press down well to get an even top and to spread dough to corners of the tins.
Leave in a warm place for 40 minutes, or until the dough has risen about 2 cm above the top of the tin.
Bake in a pre-heated oven at 210oC for 25 minutes.
Recipe makes 2 x 500g loaves
Steamed bread (30% sorghum/pearl millet flour: 70% wheat flour)
Ingredients:30g sorghum or pearl millet flour70g wheat flour1.2g dried yeast or 1.8g fresh yeast3g white sugar1g salt60ml water
Mix yeast, sugar, and 20ml water and leave the mixture in a warm place for 3 minutes.
Mix all the other dry ingredients together. Add the yeast mixture and remaining water, stir for 1 minute.
Knead dough on a lightly floured board for 3 minutes until dough is elastic.
Roll into a ball, place in a greased bowl, cover with a damp cloth and place in a proofing chamber.
Place a tray of warm water in proofing chamber to keep dough moist.
Proof for 2½ hours at 34 oC.
Remove from bowl and divide the dough into two equal halves; knead and roll out twice.
Shape into smooth balls, place in greased pie pans (bottom diameter 6.6cm, height 3cm, top diameter 8.1cm).
Leave in proofing chamber for 50 minutes or till doubled in size. Place in a panson trivet in a steamer and steam for 25 minutes.
Recipe makes: 2 x 76g loaves.
Biscuits (cookies) (50% sorghum/pearl millet flour: 50% wheat flour)
Ingredients:99g sorghum/pearl millet flour99g wheat flour113g margarine75g white sugar1 egg½ teaspoon baking powder½ teaspoon salt½ teaspoon vanilla essence
Cream the margarine and sugar together.
Beat in the egg.
Add the remaining ingredients and mix thoroughly.
Place dough in the refrigerator overnight.
Roll out the dough to a thickness of about 6 mm.
Using a 4 cm diameter cookie cutter, cut out the dough and place the pieces on a greased baking tray.
Bake in a pre-heated oven at 2000C for 10 minutes.
Recipe makes 35-40 cookies.
Non-composite Recipes
Sorghum/pearl millet rice (100% dehulled sorghum/pearl millet grain)
Ingredients:1 volume dehulled sorghum or pearl millet grain2½-4 volumes water (depending on variety and preferences)
Boil or steam grain until tender (20-40 minutes).
When sorghum is used, it is often soaked in water overnight and cooked the following morning using the same water. Sometimes fermentation occurs. As a result, the soaked grain will become whiter and will keep longer compared to grains that have not been soaked. Soaking may also reduced cooking time.
Serve with meat or vegetable sauce or stew.
Thin Porridge
In many countries a thin porridge is traditionally prepared from wet-milled pastes or dry-milled flour using either dehulled or nondehulled grains. (Millet is not often dehulled because its grains are small). Sometimes the grains are roasted, bleached in tamarind water, or germinated prior to dehulling and grinding into flour. The porridge may be fermented or not fermented. It is usually served for breakfast or to new mothers and young children.
Other composite flours of sorghum/cassava, sorghum/millet, and sorghum/millet/cassava can also be used in making porridge in a similar manner.
Texture. Thinness or texture of the porridge varies depending on flour particle size. Often a combination of finely and coarsely ground flour is used. Flour agglomerations may be added to alter the texture of the porridge.
Flavor. Flavor may vary depending on whether the porridge is fermented or not, and on whether the flour from which the porridge was made had been milled from roasted or germinated grain. Seasonings, sugar, sesame, lemon, or sour milk may also be added to improve flavor.
Quality. In general, a light color, smooth, free-flowing creamy consistency, and bland to sour flavor and aroma are preferred depending on the region and process used in preparing the porridge. Color preferences vary according to the color of flour normally available in the region. Dark, lumpy, grainy, or watery products with a raw starch, bitter, rancid, or off-flavor (due to tannins in hull or undercoat, or mould developed during storage) are not desired.
Breakfast porridge (100% sorghum/pearl millet flour)
Ingredients:1 cup sorghum or pearl millet flour3-4 cups water (adjusted to individual consistency preferences)1 cup sour milk (water may be used instead)2 tablespoon sugar
Mix flour with ½ cup water.
Place in a covered container and leave to stand for 24-48 hours in a warm place (for nonfermented porridge this step is omitted).
Bring remaining water to boil, add the flour mixture, and stir.
Cook for 10-15 minutes until smooth and thick.
Add sour milk, stir, and boil for 1-2 minutes (commonly an extra cup of water is added in step 3 and this step is omitted).
Sprinkle with sugar and serve hot for breakfast or lunch.
Recipe serves 2-3 people.
Kenya. Uji wa mtama is often made with mixtures of 2 parts maize or cassava flour to 1 part of sorghum or millet flour. The hulls in sorghum or millet flour give the desired product colour. Millet is preferred.
Tanzania. Uji is often seasoned with sugar, salt, milk, or lemon juice. A very finely milled white flour is used.
Uganda. Obungi bwa kalo is made as above using about 4 cups of banana juice instead of water and sour milk is not added. Usually millet flour is used.
Obushera is a thin porridge made from germinated grain. A malted coarsely ground sorghum flour (made by adding ash and water to the grain, germinating the grain overnight, washing off the ash, drying and grinding the grain) is often used. Porridge is frequently seasoned by adding a generous amount of sugar, orange or lemon juice, mashed banana, sesame paste, or milk.
Edi is a nonfermented version of obushera.
India. Ambali is made as above, but without sour milk
Stiff porridge – sadza (100% sorghum/pearl millet meal)
Stiff porridge is made in the same way as thin porridge but a greater proportion of meal is used. The same comments about the flour used for thin porridge apply here. In some countries a finely milled flour is used, and in others coarsely milled flour or a combination of course and fine flour is preferred. The flour may be made from roasted, germinated, fermented and/or dehulled grains. As is the case with thin porridge, stiff porridge may be made from other flour combinations.
Ingredients:20g sorghum/pearl millet meal80g (80ml) water
Heat the water in a covered container (pot) until warm.
Add a little sorghum/pearl millet flour, stir continuously to avoid lumps, until boiling point.
Let the thin porridge boil for 10-15 minutes.
Add more sorghum/pearl millet meal, a bit at a time, while continuing to stir until the porridge becomes thick.
Simmer under low heat for 10-15 minutes for sorghum and 20-25 minutes for pearl millet.
Serve hot with meat, green vegetables, or stew for lunch or supper.
Fermented and nonfermented beverages are often made using darker sorghum and pearl millet varieties. To make beer, the grain is germinated, dried, pounded into flour, and mixed with water to ferment.
Nonfermented drink (mageu)
Ingredients:7kg milled sorghum malt100 liters waters
Mix the malt with water.
Keep at room temperature for 2-3 days, occasionally stirring.
Add sugar if desired.

Fermented drinks (commercial mixes)
Ingredients:1kg beer powder (Kings Brew)5 liters water
Warm the water and add beer powder, mix thoroughly.
Cover mixture with a cloth and store in a warm place for 1 day
Pop sorghum
Ingredients:50g sorghum grain5ml cooking oil
Heat the cooking oil in a covered container (pot) until smoking hot.
Add the sorghum grain and leave to pop at low heat until all grain is popped.

Friday, April 01, 2005

FBI Finds Explosives in Nichols' Old Home

FBI Finds Explosives in Nichols' Old Home

Friday, April 1, 2005

WASHINGTON - FBI agents searching the former home of convicted Oklahoma City bombing conspirator Terry Nichols found explosive materials, including blasting caps, that appear to date before the deadly 1995 attack, agency officials said Friday.

FBI Agent Gary Johnson said the discovery was prompted by a recent tip and that preliminary information unearthed with the explosives at the Kansas home indicated the material had been there a long time.

"The information so far indicates the items have been there since prior to the Oklahoma City bombing," Johnson said in an interview from Oklahoma City.
The discovery could prove an embarrassment to the FBI and other federal authorities who had searched the Nichols' property in Herington, Kan., extensively during the original investigation a decade ago.
Nichols, who is serving multiple life prison sentences, hasn't lived there for years.

Johnson said the FBI was still searching the property and trying to determine whether the explosive materials might be connected to the bombing.
He said FBI officials received recent information that led to the search but that the source and origins of the information were still being investigated.

FBI agents went to the property Thursday night, bureau spokesman Jeff Lanza said in Kansas. After finding something in the house near downtown Herington, agents backed out and decided to wait for a bomb squad, he said.
FBI officials said the subsequent search uncovered various explosive components, including blasting caps.

Nichols and Timothy McVeigh, who was put to death for his role in the Oklahoma City bombing, had used blasting caps, fertilizer and fuel to make the bomb that killed more than 160 people at the federal building in that city on April 19, 1995.

The search and discovery comes less than three weeks from the 10th anniversary of the attack, which was the deadliest terror attack in American history before Sept. 11, 2001.

Georgia Rucker has owned the home since 1997 and rented it several times. She said Thursday the last tenant was evicted in October and she had been preparing the home for sale.

Rucker said she was contacted by two FBI agents Thursday and gave permission for authorities to search the premises. She said she was told authorities had information that explosive material was in a crawl space of the house, which has a half-basement.

She said she had noticed a small door to the crawl space was ajar in recent days but wasn't concerned because someone had been working on the furnace system.